COVID-19 resources

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Evolution and impact of COVID-19 outbreaks in care homes: population analysis in 189 care homes in one geographic region


This article is a preprint and has not been peer-reviewed. The lead researcher is Jennifer K Burton. Method: Analysis of testing, cases and deaths using linked care-home, testing and mortality data for 189 care-homes with 5843 beds in a large Scottish Health Board up to 15/06/20. Findings: 70 (37.0%) of care-homes experienced a COVID-19 outbreak.Interpretation: The large impact on excess deaths appears to be primarily a direct effect of COVID-19, with cases and deaths are concentrated in a minority of care homes. A key implication is that there is a large pool of susceptible residents if community COVID-19 incidence increases again. Shielding residents from potential sources of infection and rapid action into minimise outbreak size where infection is introduced will be critical in any wave 2.

Last updated on hub: 15 July 2020

COVID-19 and the ‘old-fashioned’ idea of neighbourhoods

Centre for Evidence Based Medicine

Blog from researchers at the Centre for Evidence Based Medicine argues that COVID-19 offers an opportunity to rethink the neighbourhood as an appropriate scale for addressing urban quality of life problems, especially for disadvantaged urban dwellers, with a view to facilitate just sustainability in cities.

Last updated on hub: 15 July 2020

Roadmap for frontline professionals interacting with male perpetrators of domestic violence and abuse

The roadmap set out in this report aims to assist frontline professionals in health care or social services, child protection services, police, and others, coming into contact with male service users who are violent or abusive to their female partners. Working with these men to change their behaviour is a key step towards preventing domestic violence. The contents of the roadmap are based on a review of the relevant literature and input from frontline professionals, male perpetrators and experts working with perpetrators who agreed to take part in focus groups or interviews in three European countries (France, Italy, Spain) as part of the ENGAGE project. The roadmap consists of introductory chapters to set the stage for engaging perpetrators, covering definitions and consequences of violence and abuse; accountability and victim safety; and beliefs towards men who use domestic violence. A flowchart then introduces the four steps to engage and refer perpetrators: step 1 – identifying domestic violence and abuse in men; step 2 – asking men about domestic violence and abuse; step 3 – motivating men for referral; and step 4 – referring men to perpetrator programmes within a coordinated multi-agency response. A subsequent chapter deals with professional, personal and legal dilemmas professionals might encounter in this work. The last chapter summarises 12 do’s and don’ts when engaging with a perpetrator. The references and an extensive annex of tools and resources complete the roadmap.

Last updated on hub: 15 July 2020

Re-thinking local

Local Government Association

This paper sets out a framework to support a recovery and rebuilding programme following the COVID-19 pandemic. It highlights the need to address the inequalities the pandemic has exposed; to connect with people’s identities and sense of community; to harness the energy and dynamism which have been the hallmarks of the response to this crisis; and to rebuild the economy so that it benefits everyone. The document sets out a series of offers from local to central Government, alongside a set of asks. It argues that local leaders must be able to bring government departments and agencies together to deliver locally determined and accountable outcomes that go beyond the institutional boundaries, switching focus from process and bidding for grants to one of outcomes and rewards for achieving them. The paper calls on the Government to offer the broadest vision possible in its upcoming English Devolution White Paper and to present a localist spending review with place-based budgets, in tune with the needs of the local economy, communities and the environment. Specific asks on the Government include: to work with all parts of social care, particularly those with lived experience, on a way forward for the long-term future of care based on the lessons from the pandemic on the role and value of social care; to ensure that system-wide plans of integrated care systems and sustainability and transformation partnerships build on and knit together place-based plans and neighbourhood delivery; and to invest in preventative universal and early help services to ensure that children, young people and families receive the practical, emotional, educational and mental health support they need, as soon as they need it.

Last updated on hub: 15 July 2020

Disparities in the impact of COVID-19 in Black and Minority Ethnic populations: review of the evidence and recommendations for action

Independent Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies

A review of the evidence on the reasons why more people from black and ethnic minority (BME) backgrounds appear to be at greater risk of hospitalisation and deaths with COVID-19. The review suggests that the reasons are complex with interplay between socio-economic disadvantage in BME populations, high prevalence of chronic diseases and the impact of long-standing racial inequalities being key explanations. Specifically, people from disadvantaged backgrounds or deprived areas, and BME backgrounds are more likely to have shorter life expectancies as a result of their socioeconomic status; housing conditions, including overcrowding is also likely to have had an impact on vulnerability to COVID-19; ethnic minorities have been over-represented in key worker jobs with increased the risk of exposure, infection and death; racial inequalities has been a recurring theme with doctors and nurse surveys experiencing difficulty getting access to personal protection equipment; the adverse social and economic consequences of COVID-19 have been greater on ethnic minority groups. The report makes a number of recommendations to address the greater risk of adverse health outcomes in BME populations. These include recommendations with immediate impact on the course of the pandemic (to mitigate the differential risk of exposure, infection and transmission, and to inform local outbreak control strategies) and longer-term action to reduce health and employment inequalities.

Last updated on hub: 15 July 2020

A minimum income standard for the United Kingdom in 2020

Joseph Rowntree Foundation

This update of the Minimum Income Standard (MIS) presents new research in which parents identified what families with children need now to meet material needs and participate in society. It shows that in order to reach a minimum socially acceptable living standard in 2020, a single person needs to earn £19,200 a year, and a couple with two children each need to earn £18,700. The report considers how temporary increases in Universal Credit and tax credits in response to COVID-19 are helping low-income families. The results show the extent to which these increases, combined with a higher National Living Wage, can help these households move closer to a minimum, providing them with opportunities to build a better life. The report finds that for working families, the results are encouraging; for those out of work, they represent an improvement for some families, but even those who benefit must still live with well below what members of the public consider an acceptable minimum. It concludes by arguing that while the COVID-19 crisis has had damaging effects on the incomes and well-being of many households, it has also led the Government to introduce a system for helping people hit by low income at a more adequate level than previously. This demonstration of what more adequate support looks like sets an example for the future, creating a case for not returning to the previous levels.

Last updated on hub: 15 July 2020

Your health and well-being

Social Care Wales

This health and wellbeing resource has been developed to support care workers to stay well and seek help and support when needed. Responding to the COVID-19 pandemic means care workers are working regularly under pressure and in unfamiliar and rapidly changing circumstances. The resource provides a direct link to tools, websites and other useful resources to support mental and physical wellbeing; it also includes information about general support groups and services you can access. Topics covered include: maintaining physical wellbeing; good mental wellbeing; general support services and groups; financial wellbeing; advice for pregnant workers; support for managers; general resources; and blogs and articles.

Last updated on hub: 15 July 2020

Geriatric care during public health emergencies: lessons learned from novel corona virus disease (COVID-19) pandemic

Journal of Gerontological Social Work

Geriatric care in public health emergencies is a serious concern, while, high case-fatalities among older adults across the globe in COVID-19 pandemic implies lack of preparedness. Most of the countries irrespective of developing and developed one enormously struggling because of an inchoate response system ignorant of geriatric health needs. Therefore, a robust approach is highly essential that requires an integrated emergency preparedness by addressing geriatric care.

Last updated on hub: 14 July 2020

Lessons from lockdown: supporting vulnerable children and young people returning to school and to learning

Barnardo's UK

This briefing highlights what Action for Children Cymru and Barnardo’s Cymru have learnt from their services, practitioners, and partners in schools about the impact of COVID-19 on vulnerable children, young people and their families. It explores what might facilitate their recovery and promote their development as we emerge from the crisis. In particular it explores the support that may be needed in, and for, schools to support the mental health and well-being of vulnerable children and young people as they transition back into the learning environment; and to support vulnerable families so that, where possible, children and young people can remain at home safely and improve their well-being, development and learning. The evidence suggests that during a time of pandemic more children and families will require a range of support over the short to medium term. In order to address this expected need the briefing recommends a set of actions, including reviewing the Together for Mental Health Delivery plan to extend access to additional lower tier, non-clinical community based services, to all families with school aged children.

Last updated on hub: 14 July 2020

Coronavirus: impact on young people with mental health needs: survey 2, summer 2020


Outlines the findings of a survey with young people investigating the mental health impact of the Covid-19 pandemic. A total of 2,036 young people with a history of mental health needs took part in the survey between Friday 6th June and Monday 5th July, a period in which the Government announced measures to ease restrictions, including the target for schools to reopen to all students in the Autumn term. The results reveal that 4 in 5 respondents agreed that the coronavirus pandemic had made their mental health worse – this was often related to increased feelings of anxiety, isolation, a loss of coping mechanisms or a loss of motivation. Among more than 1,000 respondents who were accessing mental health support in the three months leading up the crisis nearly 1 in 3 said they were no longer able to access support but still needed it. About 1 in 10 respondents said that their mental health had improved during the crisis – this was often because they felt it was beneficial to be away from the pressures of their normal life (e.g. bullying or academic pressure at school). The report calls on the Government to commit to a recovery plan for children and young people’s mental health, including ring-fenced funding for mental health in schools, colleges and universities; a transition period for schools, colleges and universities in which allowances are made for the effects of trauma or emotional distress; and a long-term cross government strategy on young people’s mental health.

Last updated on hub: 14 July 2020

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