COVID-19 resources

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The COVID-19 rehabilitation pandemic

Age and Ageing

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and the response to the pandemic are combining to produce a tidal wave of need for rehabilitation. Rehabilitation will be needed for survivors of COVID-19, many of whom are older, with underlying health problems. In addition, rehabilitation will be needed for those who have become deconditioned as a result of movement restrictions, social isolation, and inability to access healthcare for pre-existing or new non-COVID-19 illnesses. Delivering rehabilitation in the same way as before the pandemic will not be practical, nor will this approach meet the likely scale of need for rehabilitation. This commentary reviews the likely rehabilitation needs of older people both with and without COVID-19 and discusses how strategies to deliver effective rehabilitation at scale can be designed and implemented in a world living with COVID-19.

Last updated on hub: 17 September 2020

The crisis of COVID-19 and UK women’s charities: survey responses and findings

Women's Resource Centre

Findings of a survey of women’s organisations to describe and explain their needs and the challenges they are facing amidst the coronavirus outbreak. The survey respondents represented 122 women’s VCOs from across the UK – 34 of the respondents represented Black and minoritised women led organisations. The report indicates that the coronavirus pandemic presents great challenges for the UK women’s sector in both the long-term and short term, with top priorities including: supporting service users; adapting to new ways of working and new systems; ensuring staff wellbeing; and ensuring organisational survival and sustainability. Whilst the top priorities for Black and minoritised women led organisations are aligned with those of the women’s sector generally; their needs and those of their services users against the four categories are significantly more pressing and urgent. The report contains a set of recommendation for UK Governments, funders and Women’s Resource Centre, including making an unrestricted emergency fund available to sustain the Black and minoritised women led organisations and making funding available for the short and long-term mental health impacts of the COVID-19 crisis upon women.

Last updated on hub: 21 July 2020

The demographics and economics of direct care staff highlight their vulnerabilities amidst the COVID-19 pandemic

Journal of Aging and Social Policy

An estimated 3.5 million direct care staff working in facilities and people’s homes play a critical role during the COVID-19 pandemic. They allow vulnerable care recipients to stay at home and they provide necessary help in facilities. Direct care staff, on average, have decades of experience, often have certifications and licenses, and many have at least some college education to help them perform the myriad of responsibilities to properly care for care recipients. Yet, they are at heightened health and financial risks. They often receive low wages, limited benefits, and have few financial resources to fall back on when they get sick themselves and can no longer work. Furthermore, most direct care staff are parents with children in the house and almost one-fourth are single parents. If they fall ill, both they and their families are put into physical and financial risk.

Last updated on hub: 31 August 2020

The digital divide: the impact on the rights of care leavers in Scotland

Centre for Excellence for Children's Care and Protection

This report shares the findings of a focused piece of research to understand care leavers’ experiences of digital exclusion before and during the COVID-19 restrictions in Scotland in 2020. The report begins with a brief discussion of the context and methodology, before reporting on the findings and discussing the implications of these. The study used mixed methods and included two forms of data collection – an online survey and an online focus group. Twenty four care leavers filled in the substantial part of the survey which address experiences of digital use and access during COVID-19. The views and experiences of care experienced young people show the necessity of Scottish society recognising access to technology and digital spaces as a fundamental right; without which mental health is compromised, educational and employment opportunities are blocked, and access to vital support and basic essentials remain out of reach. The COVID-19 pandemic has exposed and highlighted many of the structural disadvantages and inequalities which care leavers and care experienced young adults already face. Views shared in this research clearly show that poverty and financial insecurity is a barrier to accessing the necessary devices, software, Wi-Fi, repairs or technological support that are necessary to get online and stay connected. Access to technology was frequently cited as being facilitated via formal and informal social networks and organisational links, including flatmates and friends, voluntary organisations, educational establishments and employers, and at times dependent or beholden to those relationships. In order to be ‘good enough’ corporate parents, Scottish local authorities must recognise their responsibilities and support children and young people in the digital present and prepare them for the digital future.

Last updated on hub: 02 February 2021

The doctor will Zoom you now: getting the most out of the virtual health and care experience: insight report

National Voices

Findings of a rapid, qualitative research study designed to understand the patient experience of remote and virtual consultations. The study engaged 49 people using an online platform, with 20 additional one to one telephone interviews. Participants were also invited to attend an online workshop on the final day of the study. All participants had experienced a remote consultation during the lockdown period of the COVID-19 pandemic. The report suggests that remote consultations and the use of technology offer some great opportunities to make significant improvements to general practice, hospital outpatient and mental health appointments, but making the most of this opportunity means understanding the patient experience. For many people, remote consultations can offer a convenient option for speaking to their health care professional. They appreciate quicker and more efficient access, not having to travel, less time taken out of their day and an ability to fit the appointment in around their lives. Most people felt they received adequate care and more people than not said they would be happy with consultations being held remotely in future. However, there is no one size that fits all solution. Key to a successful shift to remote consultations will be understanding which approach is the right one based on individual need and circumstance. The report argues that a blended offer, including text, phone, video, email and in-person would provide the best solution and an opportunity to improve the quality of care. By focusing on the needs of people receiving care and using a combination of communication tools a more equal space for health care providers and patients to interact can be created.

Last updated on hub: 30 July 2020

The domestic abuse report 2021: the annual audit

Women's Aid

This report presents information on the provision and usage of domestic abuse services in England, mainly focusing on the financial year 2019-20. This year we have included an additional section on the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic. It is the latest in our series of domestic abuse report publications, which offers a comprehensive evidence base on the national picture of domestic abuse support work year on year. Three of Women’s Aid’s data sources are used to provide a statistical analysis of the provision of domestic abuse services in 2019- 20, and the survivors they supported. These data sources are On Track, Routes to Support and the Women’s Aid Annual Survey 2020. Key findings include: Key findings: local service providers continue to support large numbers of women and children – in 2019-20 Women’s Aid estimates that refuge services in England supported 10,592 women and 12,710 children and community-based services supported 103,969 women and 124,762 children; only 73.5% (50 out of 68) of the respondents providing refuge and 67.8% (40 out of 59) of those providing community-based support services were commissioned by their local authority; demand is still higher than the provision available, with 57.2% of refuge referrals declined during the year – 18.1% of all referrals were turned down due to lack of capacity in the refuge; the number of spaces in refuge services in England still falls short of the number of spaces recommended by the Council of Europe by 1,694 spaces, which represents a 30.1% shortfall – an additional increase of 361 to 4,251 spaces by 1 November 2020 is due to temporary emergency funding which will soon come to an end; less than half of all vacancies posted on Routes to Support for England in 2019-20 were in rooms suitable for a woman with two children; only 4.0% could consider women who had no recourse to public funds.

Last updated on hub: 01 March 2021

The effect of funeral practices on bereaved friends and relatives' mental health and bereavement: implications for COVID-19

NIHR Applied Research Collaboration (ARC) West

This rapid evidence review explores the effect of funeral practices, such as including restrictions in size, on friends; and relatives' mental health and bereavement. The review found evidence regarding a relationship between mental health or bereavement outcomes and funeral attendance or participation is inconclusive. It found no systematic reviews in this area. Eleven relevant observational studies of low to moderate quality were identified and these had inconsistent findings (eight from the USA, one each from the Netherlands, Australia and Rwanda). It concludes research is needed to better understand the experiences and consequences of grief and bereavement during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Last updated on hub: 10 June 2020

The effect of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic on health-related quality of life in children

Children and Youth Services Review

Introduction: The study was conducted to examine the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on health-related quality of life in children. Materials and methods: The study was conducted with 597 children aged 7–13 and their parents using the online data collection tool via social media. Socio-demographic form and Generic Health-related Quality of Life Questionnaire for Children (Kid-KINDL) were used to collect the data. SPSS 23.0 program, descriptive statistics, Mann-Whitney U test and Kruskal-Wallis variance analysis were used to evaluate the data. Results: During the pandemic, 41.5% of the parents stated that their child gained weight, tendency to sleep of 34.2% and tendency to use the Internet of 69.3% increased. The average self-reported quality of life score of the children was found to be 73.91 ± 8.44. The self-esteem sub-dimension score of the children whose tendency to sleep increased during the pandemic (p < 0.05); and the physical well-being (p < 0.001), emotional well-being (p < 0.001), self-esteem (p < 0.001), family (p < 0.01), school (p < 0.05) sub-dimensions and total (p < 0.05) score averages of the children whose tendency to use the Internet were found to be lower. The emotional well-being, family and friends sub-dimensions as well as total average scores of the children of the parents who feel fear/anxiety about coronavirus becoming a pandemic and who stated that lockdown negatively affected their mental health were found to be lower (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Although self-reported quality of life scores of children were generally good, parents reported that their children gained weight, tendency to sleep and internet use increased during the pandemic.

Last updated on hub: 23 December 2020

The effect of the COVID-19 outbreak on people affected by dementia

House of Commons Library

A short debate pack with background material, statistics, parliamentary proceedings and news material relevant to a House of Commons' debate on the effect of the COVID-19 outbreak on people affected by dementia.

Last updated on hub: 11 November 2020

The end of lockdown? The last six months in the lives of families raising disabled children: England findings

Family Fund

Findings from a survey to understand how the coronavirus outbreak is affecting families raising disabled or seriously ill children in the UK and the concerns and needs of families raising disabled or seriously ill children. This document sets out the findings from across the three waves of surveys. In total almost 6,000 families raising more than 7,600 disabled or seriously ill children have participated in the research in England. The key findings are: half of families have lost income as a result of the coronavirus outbreak, and more than three quarters are experiencing increased household costs; two in five families have seen their savings reduce, leaving seven in 10 families with no money to fall back on and increasing levels of debt; just a third of disabled or seriously ill children attended their nursery, school or college prior to the summer break, although the vast majority continued to receive some form of support; more than three in five families have seen the levels of formal and informal support decrease since the coronavirus outbreak, with many still going without vital forms of support; the mental health and wellbeing of the majority of disabled or seriously ill children, as well as their siblings and parent carers, has been negatively impacted, and showing little signs of recovery; addressing these health and wellbeing needs, as well as their growing financial and support needs are the most pressing priorities put forward by families.

Last updated on hub: 20 January 2021

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