COVID-19 resources

Results 331 - 340 of 1465

COVID-19 and Communities Listening Project: a shared response

Carnall Farrar

This report considers how organisations and communities across the UK adapted and responded to the emergency phase of the COVID-19 pandemic. It draws on over 80 conversations with people from 16 communities across the UK, focussing on how organisations and communities are adapting to meet the needs of the people around them, and the evolving relationships between the public sector, the voluntary, community and social enterprise sector, and communities. The report reflects on what has been learnt during this time and outlines hopes and opportunities for ways of working, identifying how the public sector and communities can develop sustainable ways of working together to respond to the needs of local people. Key learning from the listening project is summarised through the lens of the seven steps: put wellbeing at the centre – through more genuine and mutually beneficial partnership working; give people permission to take control – through enabling person-centred, not service-centred, responses; help people to help each other – through recognising people and communities are the ‘first resort’ for community wellbeing; support people to participate fully – through more investment in local and hyperlocal responses; move upstream – by ensuring that long-term planning is built into structures and processes; build in radical kindness – through removing the barriers to relational service delivery; tell an authentic story of change – by creating a shared vision and focus for the future.

Last updated on hub: 04 January 2021

Covid-19 and community development

Community Development Journal

This is a brief response to Rosie Meade’s editorial in the Community Development Journal (55, 3), which identifies challenges to community development presented by the Covid-19 pandemic. As Rosie comments, while the implications of the pandemic are unpredictable, the crisis is infiltrating every aspect our lives. This response was written at the beginning of May, 2020, when we were still living in a context of fear and panic. In this short piece the author reflects further on some of the implications of the pandemic for community development, focussing on the Global North.

Last updated on hub: 09 November 2020

COVID-19 and Coronavirus evidence alerting. Rapid scan 1: effects on people in care/nursing homes (and other residential facilities) including approaches to protecting workers and residents

NHS Midlands and Lancashire Commissioning Support Unit

This rapid scan collates new and emerging evidence on implications for care homes and residential facilities and transferable lessons from previous pandemics and major incidents. It highlights key papers to inform decisions, policy and planning, and is intended to be pragmatic rather than exhaustive in its coverage. The resource summarises key messages and recurring themes emerging from the evidence – around PPE, reducing the spread, surge planning, staffing, communication, isolation and distancing, and technology – and signposts to expert commentary, key guidance, rapid reviews, lessons from previous pandemics, ongoing studies and other useful resources.

Last updated on hub: 24 June 2020

COVID-19 and disabled people: perspectives from Iran

Disability and Society

This is a Current Issue because, at the time of writing, COVID-19 has affected many countries and territories worldwide and Iran ranked early on as one of the most seriously affected countries. As a result, this pandemic crisis poses a considerable challenge to people with disabilities in Iran. This short article shows the different challenges people with disabilities are facing during the COVID emergency in Iran. In addition, it provides several recommendations, based on the perspective and experience in Rehabilitation and Health Policy Centres, to improve the situation in the content of the COVID-19 breakout.

Last updated on hub: 20 June 2020

COVID-19 and disruptions to the health and social care of older people in England

Institute for Fiscal Studies

This report uses newly available survey data to examine how health and social care has been disrupted among the older population in England in the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic. It provides evidence of how widespread were the disruptions to the use of hospitals, GPs and community and social care services, and access to prescription medication, from February 2020 to May 2020. The analysis reveals that disruptions to hospital care were widespread during the early stages of the pandemic – a sixth of the over-50 population in England had hospital treatment or an operation cancelled. Older people, those living in more deprived areas and those with worse self-reported health were most likely to experience a disruption to their hospital care. Disruptions to the use of GP and community health and social care services were also widespread. Almost a quarter of those reporting that they needed to speak to a GP did not, while almost three-quarters of those reporting that they needed community health and social care services did not use these. 12.8% of those who reported ‘poor’ or ‘fair’ health failed to see a GP when attempting to do so, compared with just 5.8% among those with ‘excellent’ health. Those living in the most deprived areas were most affected by disruptions to community services. 37% of those living in the least deprived areas did not access these services even after attempting to do so, increasing to 46% among those living in the most deprived areas. Care-seeking behaviour changed radically in the early stages of the pandemic, with a significant proportion of patients with care needs not actively seeking help. 14% of those requiring GP care, and more than a third of those reporting that they needed community care services, did not contact these services.

Last updated on hub: 09 November 2020

Covid-19 and early intervention: evidence, challenges and risks relating to virtual and digital delivery

The Early Intervention Foundation

In response to the Covid-19 crisis and its impact on public services across the UK, this rapid review looks at evidence on the virtual and digital delivery of interventions for children and young people. It focuses on interventions in five areas of children's outcomes: mental health and wellbeing; substance misuse; crime, violence and antisocial behaviour; risky sexual behaviour and teen pregnancy; and child maltreatment. The review also highlights the challenges and risks associated with virtual and digital delivery, and provides the findings from a survey asking intervention developers and providers about their response to the coronavirus crisis. The programmes identified in the review covered a wide range of delivery models, from one to-one or group-based services to unguided self-help programmes, games and apps. Key messages from review include that virtual and digital interventions that are tailored to the individual and involve regular contact with a practitioner are more likely to be effective. The final chapter provides recommendations for developers, providers and commissioners about what the findings mean for how they support vulnerable children and young people during the pandemic and beyond.

Last updated on hub: 27 April 2020

Covid-19 and early intervention: understanding the impact, preparing for recovery

The Early Intervention Foundation

This report explores the impact of COVID-19 on early help – the range of services that would ordinarily be supporting vulnerable children and families below the threshold for statutory local authority support, including targeted support provided by universal services. It considers the response of local services across England to the immediate challenges presented by COVID-19, and the challenges on the horizon. This work was undertaken by EIF and Action for Children between March and May 2020 and is based on 28 semi-structured qualitative interviews with heads of early help services, lead practitioners, and head teachers. Areas of focus include: risk assessment and referral in a virtual environment; virtual delivery of services; maintaining essential face-to-face delivery; closure of school and early years provision; and longer-term issues. The findings indicate that the pandemic has necessitated rapid adaptation of the way that services support vulnerable children and families, characterised by an almost wholesale transition to virtual or online contact while retaining some element of face-to-face provision when needed. There is a unique opportunity to improve the evidence base on virtual delivery of early intervention for children and families through seizing the opportunity for testing and evaluation. Conversely, the professionals recognise that there is a risk that some children and families who became vulnerable or became more vulnerable during the lockdown period could be missed without home visits. The research also identified a clear sense of apprehension among professionals about the longer-term impact of the pandemic and particularly the lockdown period on vulnerable children and families, and about the ability of services to cope with the demand that this will create.

Last updated on hub: 30 June 2020

COVID-19 and English council funding: how are budgets being hit in 2020-21?

Institute for Fiscal Studies

This report examines the scale and nature of forecast impacts of the Covid-19 pandemic on local authorities spending and income. It explores how impacts may vary across council types, regions and council characteristics; compares the impacts with the financial resources provided to councils by central government and with the resources available to them in the form of reserves; and considers the implications for future funding policy. Councils forecast spending pressures of £4.4 billion and non-tax income pressures of £2.8 billion in 2020–21. Taken together, this equates to a financial hit equal to 13.0% of pre-crisis expenditure. Adult social care accounts for £1.8 billion of the spending pressures, with unspecified unachieved efficiency savings accounting for the next-biggest chunk, at £0.6 billion. Taken together, councils’ forecasts for spending and non-tax income and the baseline scenario for funding imply a funding shortfall of approximately £2 billion this year, although uncertainty about pressures and funding availability means there is scope for the gap to be much bigger or smaller. The report argues that several options are available to the Government. The simplest approach would be to increase the general grant funding it gives councils but targeted support to those councils facing the greatest problems would be more affordable. One option would be to follow the example of Wales, where councils submit claims based on the additional costs they have incurred, subject to some vetting. Temporary powers to borrow to cover day-to-day spending could also be considered, and have been identified by the OECD as a sensible way to give local areas more flexibility and autonomy to respond to the crisis as they see fit.

Last updated on hub: 24 August 2020

COVID-19 and health inequality

Independent Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies

This report examines Covid-19 mortality rates in the most deprived neighbourhoods in England and in the lowest income households – contextualising them within the wider issue of health inequalities. Firstly, the report provides an overview of socio-economic health inequalities in the UK. It then summarises epidemiological evidence of socio-economic inequalities in relation to Covid-19 (both in the UK and internationally) and examines the pathways linking Covid-19 and inequality. In part three, it examines inequalities and the impact of the emergency policy response to Covid-19, including the lockdown, the emerging parallel pandemic of restricting non-COVID NHS services, mental health impacts, rising homelessness and school closures. Part four examines the emerging evidence of an unequal Covid-19 economic crisis and the impact that it could have on future health inequalities. The report concludes by outlining some key recommendations whereby local government and devolved authorities, the NHS and national government can act to reduce these inequalities. Key messages include: Covid-19 has magnified and exacerbated health inequalities with higher rates of illness and death from Covid-19 in more deprived communities; Covid-19 has highlighted the importance of the social determinants of health namely – housing, income, nutrition, employment sickness benefits and financial support, social security and social care and health care; people in lower paid jobs or living in more deprived neighbourhoods are more likely to experience adverse outcomes from the virus because of co-morbidities and reduced immune response associated with poverty and stress, occupational exposures and inability to shield at home, overcrowding and homelessness, lack of sickness benefits and lack of access to and adequacy of health and social care services. While the UK government has taken steps to mitigate some of the distributional impacts of Covid-19, there is an urgent need for additional action to reinvest and rebuild capacity in all public services linked to a strategy for full employment and resource redistribution.

Last updated on hub: 24 November 2020

COVID-19 and inequalities

Institute of Fiscal Studies

This report brings together what has emerged so far about the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on inequalities across several key domains of life. It provides an overview of the state of inequalities before the pandemic; examines how the pandemic interacts with existing inequalities, particularly in relation to sector shutdowns, working from home and key workers, families with children, school closures, health risks and vulnerable people; and considers the implications for future inequalities. The study finds that the nature of the economic shock associated with the pandemic has interacted with many old inequalities, with young people and BAME groups being particularly affected. In addition, some ethnic minority groups have had higher death rates than the rest of the population. The report also highlights some opportunities resulting for examples from an expansion of remote working and changes in attitudes toward the welfare system, which may contribute to address and reduce some of the current inequalities.

Last updated on hub: 16 June 2020