COVID-19 resources

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Out of sight? Vulnerable young people: COVID-19 response

National Youth Agency

This report highlights the scale of young people’s needs which have increased or been caused by the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. It focuses on supporting and safeguarding vulnerable young people aged 8-19 with: ‘Known’ vulnerabilities amplified by COVID-19; At risk’ vulnerabilities exacerbated by COVID-19; and ‘Emerging’ vulnerabilities caused or triggered by COVID-19. The report draws on the latest data and vulnerability framework by the Office of the Children’s Commissioner for England and includes the views of partners and young people from across the youth sector. It identifies increased mental health problems, missing from education, increased risk at home, homelessness, self-harm and suicide, poverty, risky behaviours in potentially unsafe environments as key vulnerabilities for young people. It also identifies the potential role of youth work in alleviating these risks. It makes recommendations for Government to recognise youth services as an essential key service, and to encourage local authorities, children’s services and academy trusts to engage, deploy and up-skill youth workers in support of young people.

Last updated on hub: 06 May 2020

Outcomes in French nursing homes that implemented staff confinement with residents

Question: Was self-confinement of staff members with residents in French nursing homes during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic associated with better outcomes related to COVID-19 compared with overall national outcomes? Findings: This cohort study including 17 nursing homes with staff self-confinement and 9513 nursing homes in a national survey found that nursing homes with staff self-confinement experienced lower mortality related to COVID-19 among residents and lower incidence of COVID-19 among residents and staff members than rates recorded in a national survey. Meaning: These findings suggest that self-confinement of nursing home staff members with residents may help protect residents from mortality related to COVID-19 and residents and staff from COVID-19 infection. Citation: Belmin J. et al. (2020). Coronavirus disease 2019 outcomes in French nursing homes that implemented staff confinement with residents. JAMA network open, 3(8), e2017533-e2017533.

Last updated on hub: 13 November 2020

Outstanding practice in the face of adversity

The Outstanding Society

Outstanding Society Board member Russell Lease, Director of Horizon Healthcare Homes Ltd, shares some of the innovations being employed by care home staff to ensure that residents continue to live to the full during the Coronavirus (COVID-19). Case study appears on the Care Home Professional website.

Last updated on hub: 09 June 2020

Overcoming the isolating impact of COVID-19

Scottish Journal of Residential Child Care

The devastating international health impact of the COVID-19 pandemic is reported on a daily basis in terms of newly acquired infections and mortality rates. What is less visible are the social and emotional implications of the virus, in particular the impact of requirements to remain socially isolated and in some circumstances to self-isolate or self-quarantine for periods of time. Young people living in residential care are already highly vulnerable having been removed from home and placed in group care. They often lack positive mentors and role models and have few healthy peer relationships. In short, young people who are already socially isolated are potentially further disadvantaged by requirements for them to practise social distancing and self-isolation. This paper examines contemporary literature promoting the participation of young people in programmes and organisations. Whilst ‘participation’ has been a longstanding international requirement for young people in the out of home care system, we argue that it has particular relevance in these times and may offer an opportunity for young people’s lived experience to be recognised and valued.

Last updated on hub: 27 November 2020

Over-exposed and under-protected: the devastating impact of COVID-19 on black and minority ethnic communities in Great Britain

Runnymede Trust, The

Findings of a survey exploring black and minority ethnic (BME) peoples experiences of the coronavirus pandemic and lockdown, and focusing on the impact of the pandemic on their physical and mental health, work, finances, relationships, childcare and schooling, and their understanding of the governments COVID-19 social and economic measures. The 2,585 adults (aged 18+) sampled for this survey included a ‘boost’ sample of 538 BME adults, taking the overall sample of BME respondents to 750 in the whole survey. Black and minority ethnic people are over-represented in COVID-19 severe illness and deaths - pre-existing racial and socioeconomic inequalities, resulting in disparities in co-morbidities between ethnic groups, have been amplified by COVID-19. The survey shows that BME people face greater barriers in shielding from coronavirus as a result of the types of employment they hold; they make greater use of public transport, are more likely to live in overcrowded and multigenerational households, and are less likely to be given appropriate PPE (personal protective equipment) at work. The survey also finds that BME groups are much less aware of the governments life-saving public health messaging around Covid-19, leaving them under-protected and vulnerable to coronavirus. The report makes a number of recommendations, including ensuring employers carry out risk assessments for staff with vulnerable characteristics, including black and minority ethnic backgrounds; ensuring that all key workers in public-facing roles have access to adequate PPE; prioritising a tailored Find, Test, Trace, Isolate and Support (FTTIS) programme ensuring vulnerable BME communities are identified and supported; strengthening the social security safety net; and increasing Statutory Sickness Pay and widen eligibility.

Last updated on hub: 06 August 2020

Overview of adult social care guidance on coronavirus (COVID-19)

Department of Health and Social Care

Brings together information for adult social care providers on COVID-19 guidance and support. The resource covers help with infection prevention and control; what to do when you suspect an outbreak; reporting an outbreak; caring for patients discharged from hospital or another social care facility; visits to care homes and other care settings; information for providers of care in supported living and domiciliary settings; how to get social care workers and people in care homes tested; managing care workers during COVID-19; securing PPE and related supplies; help for holders of direct payments, commissioners and care providers; information for social care providers on mental health and wellbeing and financial support; Capacity Tracker and guidance on using it; information for unpaid carers; easements of the Care Act; COVID-19 ethical framework for adult social care; caring for people who are protected by safeguards under the Mental Capacity Act 2005, including the deprivation of liberty safeguards; steps to take following a coronavirus-related death of a person who worked in adult social care. [First published 25 August 2020; Last updated 22 January 2021]

Last updated on hub: 27 August 2020

Pandemic patient experience: UK patient experience of health, care and other support during the COVID-19 pandemic

Patients Association

This is a report based on the findings from a survey to capture how patients and others are experiencing health and care services during the COVID-19 pandemic. The survey had four sections: managing and accessing care for existing health condition(s); experience of treatment and care for COVID-19; experience of end of life care and bereavement support; and experience of services under lockdown overall. It ran from May until August, and around 953 people responded to at least one section of the survey. The findings show that 67% of respondents had had health and care appointments cancelled as a result of the pandemic. Those who had had the virus at some point reported they had good experiences in the circumstances, but that they didn’t always have access to the support and information they needed, especially from GPs, and sometimes from the NHS111 telephone line. Some of those who had experienced a bereavement during lockdown spoke of the compassionate care and support they received but also reported some clear examples of failings in services and people were not always able to stay in contact with their loved one at the end of life. About half of respondents did not feel generally supported emotionally when receiving health and care services; and felt they had to wait to long, were not able to access the right services and said their care had not been well co-ordinated. The report identifies a set of principles for ensuring all patients, disabled people, carers and others are able to have the best possible experience, including: recognise from the outset that the impact of the crisis will fall hardest on those who already face discrimination and inequality; and maintain the principles and values of patient choice, shared decision making and voice.

Last updated on hub: 29 September 2020

Pandemic policy making: the health and wellbeing effects of the cessation of volunteering on older adults during the COVID-19 pandemic

Quality in Ageing and Older Adults

Purpose: This policy-orientated commentary aims to provide a perspective on the effects of policy changes designed to reduce the risk of infection as a result of COVID-19. The example of the abrupt cessation of volunteering activities is used to consider the policy and practice implications that need to be acknowledged in new public service research to deal with the on-going implications of the COVID-19 pandemic and for future preparedness. Design/methodology/approach: The paper will provide a critical challenge to English pandemic health policy making, in particular, the national instruction “to stop non-essential contact with others” without a strategy on how to remedy the serious side effects of this instruction, in particular on older adults. Findings: The abrupt cessation of volunteering activities of and for older people because of the COVID-19 pandemic is highly likely to have negative health and wellbeing effects on older adults with long-term and far-reaching policy implications. Originality/value: The paper combines existing knowledge volunteering of and for older adults with early pandemic practice evidence to situate an emerging health and wellbeing crisis for older adults. It emphasises the importance of immediate further detailed research to provide evidence for policy and practice following the lifting of COVID-19 related restrictions and in preparation for future crises.

Last updated on hub: 29 December 2020

Pandemic pressures: why families on a low income are spending more during Covid-19

Resolution Foundation

This note explores why low-income families report spending more, not less, during the pandemic. It brings together the findings from two online surveys of a representative sample of working-age adults in the UK and a number of vivid accounts from parents and carers themselves, drawn from the ongoing ‘Covid Realities’ participatory research programme. The evidence presented in this note shines a light on the absence of targeted, adequate support for families on a low income, who today face the combined insecurity of Covid-19 and increased financial pressure. Moreover, it underlines the importance of understanding the differential experiences of the pandemic. Key findings include: during the summer and autumn 2020, families with children estimated to be in the lowest pre-pandemic income quintile were twice as likely to report an increase in spending (36 per cent) than a decrease (18 per cent); having children at home more has meant higher spending on food, energy and ways to entertain or distract children when so many outdoor leisure activities have been curtailed; remote schooling has proven very expensive, especially for those families that have had to buy a laptop or arrange for broadband access, for example; the cost of feeding a family on a low income has risen during the pandemic; in September 2020, half of adults with less than £1,000 in savings report drawing down on them since February, and over half of adults in the lowest-income quintile using borrowing to a greater extent than they did pre-pandemic to cover everyday living costs. With tough new restrictions now in place to contain the spread of the more transmissible Covid-19 variant, parents on a low income face another difficult period without school or childcare, when costs once again look set to increase.

Last updated on hub: 18 January 2021

Pandemic sex workers’ resilience: COVID-19 crisis met with rapid responses by sex worker communities

International Social Work

The COVID-19 pandemic has exposed the inequality of social support systems worldwide, revealing the gaps that further marginalize vulnerable people. Despite the fact that sex workers are adversely affected by the pandemic, they are excluded from government relief and protection programmes as well as health services. Sex worker communities have developed rapid response strategies to support their peers in overcoming these challenges. Sex worker organizations all over the world have been working alongside other groups and communities to advocate for income and health support for all, and an end to repressive policing and state-sanctioned violence.

Last updated on hub: 19 November 2020