COVID-19 resources

Results 921 - 930 of 1465

Pandemics and violence against women and children

Center for Global Development

Times of economic uncertainty, civil unrest, and disaster are linked to a myriad of risk factors for increased violence against women and children (VAW/C). Pandemics are no exception. In fact, the regional or global nature and associated fear and uncertainty associated with pandemics provide an enabling environment that may exacerbate or spark diverse forms of violence. Understanding mechanisms underlying these dynamics are important for crafting policy and program responses to mitigate adverse effects. Based on existing published and grey literature, we document nine main (direct and indirect) pathways linking pandemics and VAW/C, through effects of (on): (1) economic insecurity and poverty-related stress, (2) quarantines and social isolation, (3) disaster and conflict-related unrest and instability, (4) exposure to exploitative relationships due to changing demographics, (5) reduced health service availability and access to first responders, (6) inability of women to temporarily escape abusive partners, (7) virus-specific sources of violence, (8) exposure to violence and coercion in response efforts, and (9) violence perpetrated against health care workers. We also suggest additional pathways with limited or anecdotal evidence likely to effect smaller subgroups. Based on these mechanisms, we suggest eight policy and program responses for action by governments, civil society, international and community-based organizations. Finally, as research linking pandemics directly to diverse forms of VAW/C is scarce, we lay out a research agenda comprising three main streams, to better (1) understand the magnitude of the problem, (2) elucidate mechanisms and linkages with other social and economic factors and (3) inform intervention and response options. We hope this paper can be used by researchers, practitioners, and policymakers to help inform further evidence generation and policy action while situating VAW/C within the broader need for intersectional gender- and feminist-informed pandemic response.

Last updated on hub: 25 June 2020

Paradoxes of pandemic

Professional Social Work

This perspective suggests that while the COVID-19 crisis will have a huge impact on social issues like homelessnesss and child neglect, it may not be necessarily in ways we might predict. At the time this article was published more than 36,000 people across the UK had died from coronavirus and over 4,000 people who sleep rough had been placed in temporary accommodation. While there are legitimate fears lockdown and pandemic measures generally may have led to more child abuse and neglect, paradoxically, some children are also protected by the lockdown. With more people within a child's home, there are more individuals and more opportunities to supervise children and this may deter abuse by other people. The article also considers the 'social work' paradox, i.e. the key agency in child protection - social work - has received far less recognition during the pandemic. The article also discusses the 'government paradox' or the government's newfound concern over child protection and other social issues. The article concludes with the the suggestion that after the pandemic the government should seek to retain some gains, and in particular continue to treat child abuse and neglect, domestic abuse and rough sleeping, and other acute social issues, as the emergencies they are.

Last updated on hub: 15 October 2020

Partnership working in the face of a pandemic crisis impacting on social work placement provision in England

Social Work Education (The International Journal)

The first quarter of 2020 saw unprecedented global, national, and local changes as the world adapted to a pandemic that swept the world at an alarming rate and prompted a policy of social exclusion and social distancing. Inevitably, the pandemic impacted upon social work education and placement provision significantly. The ability to respond to the impact of the pandemic crisis within social work placements will be presented as an unprecedented wicked problem. The ability to respond to this crisis can be argued to have demonstrated the worth of teaching partnerships, as the developed relationships and understanding of partner’s differing priorities enabled this to be undertaken effectively, efficiently, and expediently. This article will reflect on how the Leeds and Wakefield Social Work Teaching Partnership (LWSWTP) undertook responsive partnership decision-making to develop and implement new placement protocols. The article will also explore if partnership working with the stakeholders has been sufficiently robust, using the Arnstein’s 1969 Ladder of Participation. The article will conclude by reflecting on the key learning points from partnership working in the Covid-19 crisis situation as we move forward post crisis.

Last updated on hub: 12 November 2020

Patients living with dementia who ‘walk with purpose or intent’ in the COVID-19 crisis

NIHR Applied Research Collaboration (ARC) West

This evidence summary looks at how to manage care home residents with dementia who ‘walk with purpose or intent’ such that infection prevention measures are not breached during an epidemic such as COVID-19. It identified clear guidance from the British Geriatric Society (BGS) on the approach of care home staff for residents with dementia who ‘walk with purpose or intent’ during the COVID 19 crisis. The guidance focuses on isolation of suspected cases and behavioural approach to ameliorating potential unsafe activities of residents. The British Psychological Society’s Faculty of the Psychology of Older People also describes primary preventative and secondary reactive behavioural approaches that can be used to care for residents during the COVID 19 outbreak.

Last updated on hub: 10 June 2020

Performance tracker 2020: how public services have coped with coronavirus

Institute for Government

This fifth edition of the Performance Tracker brings together data series with information gathered from interviews with more than 50 people to provide a picture of how five public services – general practice, hospitals, adult social care, schools and criminal courts – have coped with coronavirus. The analysis assesses the changes introduced to manage disruption, evaluates the success of each of these changes and makes recommendations about whether they should be kept or extended beyond the pandemic. The report finds that both general practice and hospital care have been heavily disrupted by coronavirus. In response, there has been a fundamental shift in how technology is used, and major changes to funding and working practices. All organisations involved in regulating, funding and delivering social care have made major changes at speed to respond to coronavirus. Some changes have been so beneficial that they should be kept in normal times. Widespread use of the Capacity Tracker app has provided central government, local authorities, NHS trusts and providers with useful data on capacity and the government should explore whether it is possible to create a capacity tracker to track demand and capacity in homecare as well. Greater use of technology has also improved communication between local authorities, providers and the families and friends of service users – and provided real comfort to the service users themselves at an unimaginably difficult time. The report calls on the government to commission an independent review to assess how to prepare social care to make greater use of digital technology safely and effectively in the future.

Last updated on hub: 04 November 2020

Personal assistants returning from shielding

Mark Bates Ltd

Fact sheet offering support to people who employ personal assistants with regards to their employee returning to work, following the lifting of shielding measures by the Government.

Last updated on hub: 04 August 2020

Personal protective equipment (PPE): care workers delivering homecare during the Covid-19 response

Healthcare Safety Investigation Branch

This national intelligence report provides insight into a current safety risk that the Healthcare Safety Investigation Branch (HSIB) has identified, relating to the use of personal protective equipment (PPE) by care workers when visiting a patient at home. It documents how concerns raised by HSIB were responded to by Public Health England, the body responsible for the development of guidelines for the appropriate use of PPE. The report finds that there are multiple Covid-19 guidelines for different care sectors. PPE guidelines should be used in conjunction with other guidelines, such as infection control guidelines, so that care providers can develop protocols for care delivery. This is challenging when guidelines are updated, or new guidelines are issued and there is a risk that guidance may be missed. The report argues that there is an opportunity to introduce a document management system for guidelines to ensure that the latest information is available. This would involve the design of a usable navigation system so that all related guidelines relevant to a particular care sector are visible and can be checked for completeness.

Last updated on hub: 01 September 2020

Personal protective equipment (PPE): resource for care workers delivering homecare (domiciliary care) during sustained COVID-19 transmission in the UK

Public Health England

Guidance for those working in domiciliary care providing information on the use of personal protective equipment (PPE) during sustained coronavirus (COVID-19) transmission in the UK. It explains how PPE guidance applies to the homecare (domiciliary care) setting and is drawn from full infection prevention and control (IPC) and PPE guidance. The guidance is primarily for care workers and providers delivering care in visiting homecare, extra care housing and live-in homecare settings. [Published 27/04/202. Updated 7/10/2020]

Last updated on hub: 28 April 2020

Personal protective equipment (PPE): resource for care workers working in care homes during sustained COVID-19 transmission in England

Public Health England

This guidance provides advice for care workers working in care homes on the use of personal protective equipment (PPE) during the period of sustained transmission of the coronavirus (COVID-19). The guidance is also relevant for those providing residential supported living. This resource, which has been designed to be accessible to both care workers and providers, has four sections containing: recommendations on the use of PPE for a range of relevant contexts; explanation concerning recommendations and frequently asked questions; specialist advice relating to care for people with learning disabilities and/or autism; and case scenarios designed to illustrate appropriate use of PPE in practice. It should be read in conjunction with the full infection prevention and control (IPC) and PPE government guidance. [Published 17 April 2020; Last updated 7 October 2020]

Last updated on hub: 23 June 2020

Personalisation and pandemic: an unforeseen collision course?

Disability and Society

The outbreak of a pandemic provokes fear and risk of ill health for all individuals, however, these events pose even more of a threat to people with disability who often have poorer health outcomes because of underlying conditions, have difficulties in accessing health and other services, and typically fare worse once they are in the healthcare system. The growth of personalisation schemes in disability internationally is now exacerbating those risks and could lead to high morbidity and mortality if swift action is not taken.

Last updated on hub: 14 August 2020