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Occupational therapy interventions to support aging in place: a rapid systematic review


BROWN Tori, et al


Indiana University

Publication year:


(Occupational Therapy Doctoral Student Rapid Systematic Review) This rapid systematic review discusses the evidence of 30 studies for the effectiveness of occupational therapy (OT) in supporting aging in place, or safely living in one’s home independently. Many older adults suffer from at least one disability, which can be a threat to both independence and safety. Further, falls and injuries raise healthcare costs, which can include nursing facility housing. The transition from living in one’s home to living in a long-term care facility dramatically impacts occupational participation and performance. Supporting aging in place increases safety, quality of life, and independence in one’s home environment. In order to support aging in place, this study looked at the effectiveness of multiple occupational therapy interventions that targeted occupational performance and participation, quality of life, falls and hospital readmissions, and community mobility. Overall, this study found strong evidence to support the effectiveness of these client centred occupational therapy interventions for improving aging in place in community dwelling older adults and preventing negative health outcomes. (Edited publisher abstract)

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