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Targeting preventive home visits to older adults in disadvantaged communities: perspectives of professionals


KRISTIANSEN Maria, et al



This study explored the implementation of multidimensional preventive home visits targeted to older adults living in a disadvantaged community in Denmark. The intervention was adapted to include the following key components: involvement of community members in recruitment processes; a combination of individual and group-based dissemination; adaptation of materials to overcome language barriers; and diversity-sensitivity training for professionals. The study took place over 12 months between August 2016 and August 2017 and used various data sources: registry-based data, participant observations, combined with individual and focus group interviews with the target population (n = 22) and relevant health care professionals (n = 8). Here, we report on findings pertaining to implementation barriers and facilitators as seen from the perspective of professionals. Socioeconomic vulnerability was prominent, and uptake of health care services was low, indicating under-utilisation. Implementation facilitators and barriers were identified including potentials in nurturing local partnerships and proximity during recruitment; overcoming language barriers; offering diversity-sensitivity training for professionals; and a need for a more multidisciplinary, comprehensive scope of preventive visits for diverse older adults in disadvantaged communities. Thus, more focus on participatory, comprehensive and community-based health promotion are needed to ensure healthy ageing in the context of social inequality and ethnic diversity. (Edited publisher abstract)

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