COVID-19 resources on Infection control

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Visits to care homes: guidance for providers

Welsh Government

This guidance provides advice for care home providers on facilitating outdoor visits; indoor visits when the level of COVID-19 at a local or national level allows; indoor visits in exceptional circumstances including end of life; and people going out into the community and visiting family and friends. The guidance sets out an ethical framework to support people living and staying in care homes to reconnect safely with families, friends and professionals, consistent with the requirements of the wider coronavirus restrictions. The ultimate decision on whether, and in what circumstances care home visits take place rests with the individual provider, and some providers will find it more challenging to facilitate visits than others. However, this guidance is intended to support providers to enable visits to take place, and providers are expected and encouraged to facilitate visits wherever possible. [First published:25 June 2020; Last updated: 23 April 2021]

Last updated on hub: 08 September 2020

Vivaldi 2: coronavirus (COVID-19) new variant (B.1.1.7) in care homes study report

Department of Health and Social Care

The Vivaldi study, led by University College London, was set up in June 2020 to investigate SARS-CoV-2 transmission, infection outcomes and immunity in residents and staff in care homes in England. This report shows that he proportion of infections in care home staff and residents caused by the variant B.1.1.7 rose from 12% in the week beginning 23 November to 60% of positive cases just 2 weeks later, in the week beginning 7 December – with the B.1.1.7 variant spreading fastest in London during this period.

Last updated on hub: 11 May 2021

Vivaldi 2: COVID-19 care homes study report

Department of Health and Social Care

This study sets out the results of the second round of whole-home testing for care homes for the over 65s undertaken between 8 December 2020 and 15 March 2021. The study compared vaccinated and unvaccinated care home residents in England by using routine asymptomatic Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing. Of 10,412 residents, 9,160 were vaccinated with either the Oxford-AstraZeneca or Pfizer vaccines, and PCR test results were used to compare the number of infections occurring in vaccinated and unvaccinated groups in order to estimate the effects of a first vaccine dose. The first vaccine dose was associated with substantially reduced SARS-CoV-2 infection risk in care home residents from 4 weeks to at least 7 weeks. It also infers that the vaccines protect against the highly transmissible UK variant, as this was prevalent during the study period and analysis of lab samples suggests that care home residents who are infected after having the vaccine may also be less likely to transmit the virus.

Last updated on hub: 20 April 2021

Vivaldi 2: COVID-19 reinfection in care homes study report

Department of Health and Social Care

The Vivaldi study, led by University College London, was set up in June 2020 to investigate SARS-CoV-2 transmission, infection outcomes, and immunity in residents and staff in care homes in England. Between 1 October 2020 and 1 February 2021 the study considered the number of people in an adult-social care home setting who had previously been infected with COVID-19 (confirmed by antibody testing), who then tested positive for virus with a PCR test more than 90 days later. The sample size of the study was 682 residents and 1,429 members of staff. The data shows a positive picture of the degree of natural immunity from COVID-19 amongst staff and residents in care homes in England, which suggests the risk of being infected twice from this virus is low.

Last updated on hub: 11 May 2021

Webinar recording: COVID-19 and care providers

Social Care Institute for Excellence

Watch the SCIE COVID-19 webinar hosted by Paul Burstow, Chair of SCIE. He was joined by Kathryn Smith, the incoming Chief Executive of the SCIE and a former care worker.

Last updated on hub: 30 April 2020

Webinar recording: Sharing voices in response to COVID-19

Social Care Institute for Excellence

This webinar was chaired by Baroness Ilora Finlay and the technical host was Prof Wayne Martin. It was about sharing voices in response to COVID-19.

Last updated on hub: 22 October 2020

Webinar: MCA and COVID-19 - The good, the bad and the ugly

Social Care Institute for Excellence

The National Mental Capacity Forum is hosting its 8th 'Rapid Response' webinar.

Last updated on hub: 17 March 2021

West Midlands inquiry into COVID-19 fatalities in the BAME community

COVID-19 BAME Evidence Gathering Taskforce

Findings from the Labour Party-led COVID-19 BAME Evidence Gathering Taskforce, which was established to gather the evidence on the impact of Covid-19 on black and minority ethnic communities in the West Midlands. The report indicates that men and women in the black community have been over four times more likely to die from Covid-19 than white people (4.2 and 4.3 times respectively). Men of Bangladeshi and Pakistani origin were 3.6 times more likely to have a Covid-19 related death, while the figure for women was 3.4 times more likely. Key findings include: fear of inequitable treatment that might be received in the NHS was a deterrent for many in the BAME asking for help quickly enough; the BAME community experienced an NHS and care system that was overwhelmed, despite the heroism of our frontline NHS workers, many of whom were themselves from the BAME community; public health messages about symptoms or what to do when in need were poorly communicated to BAME communities; the voice of the BAME community has not been heard in the way the health services are designed and delivered; many BAME frontline workers had direct experience of inadequate provision of PPE with some having to make protective equipment themselves; a clear strategy for understanding the scientific evidence for the disproportionate impact of Covid-19 on the BAME community has not been communicated effectively. The report makes a number of recommendations and calls on the Government to commence a formal judge-led independent public inquiry into the Covid-19 fatalities in the BAME community and to consult with BAME communities on both the Chair and the Terms of Reference.

Last updated on hub: 01 September 2020

What helped the UK cope with the Covid-19 pandemic and lockdowns? Different coping strategies and their effect on wellbeing

What Works Centre for Wellbeing

This briefing explores how people in the UK have used different approaches to help them cope with the stress and changes associated with Covid-19 and the restrictions of the lockdowns. Focusing on volunteering, what we eat, what we drink, arts and crafts, and gambling, the paper also examines the implications for a wellbeing-based Covid-19 recovery. Key messages include: staying connected to friends and family was the most important coping mechanisms identified by people during the UK’s first lockdown; gardening and exercise had the biggest association with supporting people’s wellbeing, while following Coivd-19 related news had the most negative effects on our wellbeing; different people have different coping strategies – some of us prefer to problem solve, while some of us try to avoid our difficulties while others rely on emotional reframing or the social support of their friends and family; it is important to recognise which strategies are more helpful for our mental health and long-term wellbeing; research has clearly shown that physical activity such as exercising or gardening has improved mental health and wellbeing during the pandemic; some people have also used arts and cultural engagement as a way to cope. There may be long-term impacts on our wellbeing from negative changes to eating, drinking alcohol and gambling behaviours. This is especially the case for those who were already at-risk from these issues. A wellbeing-based recovery will depend on helping people access and choose healthier styles of coping.

Last updated on hub: 02 February 2021

What is the evidence of a relationship between socio-economic deprivation and the increased risk, if any, of infection with or death from COVID-19? Are there additional factors such as ethnicity, demography or population density which may amplify ...

HSE Library

This summary of evidence contains a comprehensive description of available research and key reference sources on the relationship between socio-economic deprivation, and additional factors such as ethnicity, demography or population density, and the increased risk of infection with or death from COVID-19.

Last updated on hub: 26 October 2020

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