Co-production in social care: What it is and how to do it


References mark with a ‘*’ were included in the review of the evidence carried out for this guide.

  1. Francis, R. QC (chair) (2010) Independent inquiry into care provided by Mid Staffordshire NHS Foundation Trust January 2005 – March 2009, London: The Stationery Office.
  2. Carr, S. (2012) Personalisation: A rough guide, SCIE Guide 47, London: Social Care Institute for Excellence
  3. New Economics Foundation (2012) ‘Co-producing commissioning’, unpublished but online.
  4. Think Local Act Personal (2011) Making it real: Marking progress towards personalised, community based support, London: TLAP.
  5. National Occupational Standards (undated) SFHMH63: Work with people and significant others to develop services to improve their mental health.
  6. National Co-production Critical Friends Group (undated).
  7. Social Care Institute for Excellence (2009) ‘Co-production in action: a SCIE expert seminar’, 1 October.
  8. Social Care Institute for Excellence (2012) Towards co-production: Taking participation to the next level, SCIE Report 53, London: SCIE.
  9. Cottam, H. and Leadbetter, C. (2004) Health: Co-creating services (Red Paper 01), London: Design Council.
  10. Löffler, E. (2009) ‘A future research agenda for co-production: overview paper’, in Local Authorities & Research Councils’ Initiative (2010) Co-production: A series of commissioned reports, Swindon: Research Councils UK.
  11. Needham, C. and Carr, S. (2009) SCIE Research Briefing 31: Co-production: An emerging evidence base for adult social care transformation, London: Social Care Institute for Excellence.
  12. Evans, A., Littlewood, M., Henderson, D. and Grant, S. (2011) Evaluation of local housing strategies: Co-production pilots with disabled people, Edinburgh: Scottish Government Social Research. 
  13. London Borough of Lambeth (2011) The Co-operative Council sharing power: A new settlement between citizens and the state, London: London Borough of Lambeth. 
  14. Boyle, D., Slay, J. and Stephens, L. (2011) Public services inside out: Putting co-production into practice, London: National Endowment for Science Technology and the Arts.
  15. Slay, J. and Robinson, B. (2011) In this together: Building knowledge about co-production, London: New Economics Foundation.
  16. Governance International (2011) Transforming communities: Creating outcomes: Improving efficiency, Birmingham: Governance International.
  17. * McLean, J., Biggs, H., Whitehead, I., Pratt, R. and Maxwell, M. (2009) Evaluation of the delivering for mental health peer support worker pilot scheme, Edinburgh: Scottish Government.
  18. Beresford, P. (2013) Beyond the usual suspects, London: Shaping Our Lives.
  19. Social Care Institute for Excellence (2007/2013) Practice guide: The participation of adult service users, including older people, in developing social care, London: SCIE.
  20. Archibald, A., Barker, S. and Barry, J. (2009) Personalisation – don’t just do it – co-produce it and live it! A guide to co-production with older people, Christchurch, Dorset and Stockport: National Development Team for Inclusion and Helen Sanderson Associates (HSA).
  21. Equal Citizens Services (2011) Co-production: As easy as baking a cake!, London: Equal Citizen Services.
  22. Social Care Institute for Excellence (2012) Making events accessible, London: SCIE.
  23. Atterton, J., Woolvin, M., Steinerowski, A. and Homer, T. (2011) The benefits and challenges of the coproduction of health and social care services in a rural context, Edinburgh: Rural Policy Centre.
  24. Bennett, T., Newman, S. and Sanderson, H. (2008) Co-production in practice: What are we learning?, Stockport: Helen Sanderson Associates.
  25. New Economics Foundation (2008) Co-production: A manifesto for growing the core economy, London: NEF.
  26. Bowers, H., Mordey, M., Runnicles, D., Barker, S., Thomas, N., Wilkins, A., Lockwood, S. and Catley, A. (2011) Not a one way street: Research into older people’s experiences of support based on mutuality and reciprocity: Interim findings, York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation.
  27. Department of Health (2010) Equality and excellence: Liberating the NHS, White Paper, Cm 7881, London: DH.
  28. Boseley, S. (2010) ‘Andrew Lansley promises information revolution in NHS shakeup’, The Guardian, 12 July.
  29. Department of Health (2010) A vision for adult social care: Capable communities and active citizens, London: DH.
  30. HM Government (2012) Caring for our future: Reforming care and support, London: HM Government.
  31. Department of Health, Social Services and Public Safety: Personal and Public Involvement (PPI) under Circular HSC (SQSD) 29/07, London: DH.
  32. Public Health Agency (Northern Ireland) Personal and public involvement, Belfast: Public Health Agency.
  33. Hurst, R. (2000) ‘The international disability rights movement’, text of a public lecture, given as part of the ‘New Directions in Disability Studies’ seminar series, Centre for Disability Studies, University of Leeds, 11 October.
  34. HM Government (2007) Putting people first: A shared vision and commitment to the transformation of adult social care, London: HM Government.
  35. Department for Work and Pensions (2010) Statutory guidance on disabled people’s Right to Control (pilot scheme) (England) Regulations 2010, London: DH.
  36. Griffiths, S. and Foley, B. (2009) ‘Collective co-production: working together to improve public services’, in Local Authorities & Research Councils’ Initiative (2010) Co-production: A series of commissioned reports, Swindon: Research Councils UK.
  37. Bovaird, T. (2008) User and community co-production of public services: Fad or fact, nuisance or necessity?, Birmingham: Third Sector Research Centre.
  38. National Institute for Clinical Excellence (2008) Community engagement to improve health, NICE Public Health Guidance 9, London: NICE.
  39. Evans, D., Pilkington, P. and McEachran, M. (2010) ‘Rhetoric or reality? A systematic review of the impact of participatory approaches by UK public health units on health and social outcomes’, Journal of Public Health, vol 32, no 3, pp 418–26.
  40. Nesta/Innovation Unit/PPL (2013): The business case for People Powered Health, Nesta: London.
  41. Boyle, D., Coote, A., Sherwood, C. and Slay, J. (2010) Right here, right now: Taking co-production into the mainstream, London: National Endowment for Science Technology and the Arts.
  42. Bovaird, T. and Mckenna, D. (2011) Co-producing the goods: How can Swansea’s strategic partnerships improve the way they work with the public?, Birmingham: Governance International and University of Birmingham. 
  43. Knapp, M., Bauer, A., Perkins, M. and Snell, T. (2010) Building community capacity: Making an economic case, Canterbury, London and Manchester: Personal Social Services Research Unit.
  44. Glendinning, C., Challis, D., Fernández, J., Jacobs, S., Jones, K., Knapp, M., Manthorpe, J., Moran, N., Netten, A., Stevens, M. and Wilberforce, M. (2008) Evaluation of the individual budgets pilot programme: Final report, York: Social Policy Research Unit.
  45. Forder, J., Jones, K., Glendinning, C., Caiels, J., Welch, E., Baxter, K., Davidson, J., Windle, K., Irvine, A., King, D. and Dola, P. (2012) Evaluation of the personal health budget pilot programme, Discussion Paper 2840_2, London: Department of Health.
  46. Shields, M. (2008) Community belonging and self-perceived health, Component of Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 82-005-X Health Reports, Statistics Canada.
  47. Umberson, D. and Montez, J.K. (2010) ‘Social relationships and health: a flashpoint for health policy’, Journal of Health and Social Behaviour, vol 51, suppl, pp S54–S66.
  48. Boyle, D. and Harris, M. (2009) The challenge of co-production: How equal partnerships between professionals and the public are crucial to improving public services, London: National Endowment for Science, Technology and the Arts.
  49. Alford, J. (2009) Engaging public sector clients: From service-delivery to co-production, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
  50. Bodenheimer, T. and Laing, B.Y. (2007) ‘The Teamlet model of primary care’, The Annals of Family Medicine, vol 5, no 5, pp 457–461.
  51. Simmons, L., Baker, N.J., Schaefer, J., Miller, D. and Anders, S. (2009) ‘Activation of patients for successful self-management’, Journal of Ambulatory Care Management, vol 32, no 1, pp 16–23.
  52. Gillett, M., Dallosso, H.M., Dixon, S., Brennan, A., Carey, M.E., Campbell, M.J., Heller, S., Khunti, K., Skinner, T.C. and Davies, M.J. (2010) ‘Delivering the diabetes education and self management for ongoing and newly diagnosed (DESMOND) programme for people with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes: cost effectiveness analysis’, British Medical Journal, vol 341, p c4093.
  53. Wallace, L.M., Turner, A., Kosmala-Anderson, J., Bishop, A., Sharma, S. and Smith, A. (2010) The second annual report of the evaluation of The Health Foundation’s Co-creating Health initiative, London: The Health Foundation.
  54. Bott, S., Sweeney, A. and Watts, R. (2010/2013) A commissioner’s guide to developing and sustaining user-led organisations, London: Social Care Institute for Excellence.
  55. Kirby, P., Lanyon, C., Cronin, K. and Sinclair, R. (2003) Building a culture of participation: Involving children and young people in policy, service planning, delivery and evaluation: Research report, London:Department for Education and Skills.
  56. * Bruce, G., Wistow, G. and Kramer, R. (2011) ‘Connected care re-visited: Hartlepool and beyond’, Journal of Integrated Care, vol 19, no 2, pp 13–21.
  57. White, L. (2011) Commission impossible? Shaping places through strategic commissioning, London: Localis.
  58. Turner, M. and Beresford, P. (2005) Contributing on equal terms: Service user involvement and the benefits system, Report 08, London: Social Care Institute for Excellence.
  59. Social Care Institute for Excellence (2011) Reimbursements and payments for service user involvement, At a Glance 50,London: SCIE.
  60. Timebanking UK (2011) People can, Stroud: Timebanking UK.
  61. * Repper, J. and Carter, T. (2011) ‘A review of the literature on peer support in mental health services’, Journal of Mental Health, vol 20, no 4, pp 392–411.
  62. * Stone, N., Warren, F. and Napier, C. (2010) ‘Peer support workers’ experience of an intentional peer support scheme on an acute psychiatric ward’, Mental Health and Learning Disabilities Research and Practice, vol 7, no 1, pp 93–102.
  63. * Ley, A., Roberts, G. and Willis, D. (2010) ‘How to support peer support: evaluating the first steps in a healthcare community’, Journal of Public Mental Health, vol 9, no 1, pp 16–25.
  64. Bradwell, P. and Marr, S. (2008) Making the most of collaboration: An international survey of public service co-design, London: Demos.
  65. Seppälä, P. (2012): Tiny social movements: Experiences in social media based co-creation in Botero, A., Paterson, A.G., and Saad-Sulonen, J.(eds) (2012) Towards peer production in public services: cases from Finland, Aalto University: Helsinki.
  66. Dale, R. and Carr-West, J. (2011) Going where the eyeballs are: How email is connecting councils with their communities, London: Local Government Information Unit.
  67. * Catalano, T., Kendall, E., Vandenberg, A. and Hunter, B. (2009) ‘The experiences of leaders of self‐management courses in Queensland: exploring health professional and peer leaders’ perceptions of working together’, Health & Social Care in the Community, vol 17, no 2, pp 105–115.
  68. Cooke, G. and Muir, R. (eds) (2012) The relational state, London: Institute for Public Policy Research.
  69. Scottish Community Development Centre (2011) Community resilience and co-production, Glasgow: Scottish Community Development Centre.
  70. Social Care Institute for Excellence (2013) Effective supervision in a variety of settings, SCIE Guide 50, London: SCIE.
  71. Wood, C. (2011) Tailor made, London: Demos.
  72. Sass, B. and Beresford, P. (2012) User driven commissioning, London: Disability Rights UK and Shaping Our Lives.
  73. Department of Health (2008) Sharing the learning: User-led organisations action and learning sites 2008–2010, London: DH.
  74. Barker, A. (2010) ‘Co-production of local public services’, in Local Authorities & Research Councils’ Initiative, Co-production: A series of commissioned reports, Swindon: Research Councils UK.
  75. * Gillard, S., Turner, K., Lovell, K., Norton, K., Clarke, T., Addicott, R. and Ferlie, E. (2010) ‘“Staying native”: coproduction in mental health services research’, International Journal of Public Sector Management, vol 23, no 6, pp 567–577.
  76. Kettunen, P. (2010) Co-production: A new concept in evaluation, Prague: European Evaluation Society.
  77. Smale G, Tucsone G, Biehal N & Marsh P (1993) Empowerment, Assessment, Care Management and the Skilled Worker. London HMSO.
  78. Nolan M, Brown J, Davies S, Nolan J, & Keady J (2006) The Senses Framework: Improving Care for Older People through a Relationships Centred Approach. Getting Research into Practice Report No 2, Sheffield, University of Sheffield.


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