How is wellbeing understood under the Care Act?
A full definition of the different aspects of wellbeing that are relevant can be found in the statutory guidance – ‘Chapter 1. Promoting wellbeing’.
‘Wellbeing’ is a broad concept. It is described as relating to the following areas in particular:
- personal dignity (including treatment of the individual with respect)
- physical and mental health and emotional wellbeing
- protection from abuse and neglect
- control by the individual over their day-to-day life (including over care and support provided and the way they are provided)
- participation in work, education, training or recreation
- social and economic wellbeing
- domestic, family and personal domains
- suitability of the individual’s living accommodation
- the individual’s contribution to society.
There is no hierarchy in the areas of wellbeing listed above – all are equally important. There is also no single definition of wellbeing, as how this is interpreted will depend on the individual, their circumstances and their priorities.
Wellbeing applies to several areas of life, not only to one or two. Therefore, using a holistic approach to ensure a clear understanding of the individual’s views is vital to identifying and defining wellbeing for each person.