Symptoms of dementia

This section looks at early signs of dementia and how getting a diagnosis of dementia can be a crucial first step in obtaining support to cope. It also discusses sensory loss and young onset dementia and the challenges faced.

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Early signs of dementia

Early signs and diagnosis

Changes in a person in the early stages of dementia can be mistaken for normal ageing. If memory loss begins to impact on daily life, it could be the early signs of dementia. A failure to recognise early signs of dementia often leads to people not being diagnosed for several years. The most common early signs include memory problems, decline in communication skills, recognition and coordination difficulties, disorientation, changes in behaviour, judgement and mood, and loss of daily life skills.

young onset dementia

Young onset dementia

People who develop young onset dementia – that is, dementia diagnosed before a person is 65 years old – face many challenges. Obtaining a diagnosis and accessing age-appropriate services are two big issues, however there are many more. Despite, or perhaps because of, these difficulties younger people have been at the forefront of the growing campaign by people with dementia to change society’s attitudes towards dementia.

living with dementia and sensory loss

Sensory loss

Having sight or hearing loss makes things more difficult for the person with dementia who is already working hard to make sense of the world around them.  Regular hearing and sight tests, technology aids, environmental improvements, accessible information and communications can all make a big difference for people with dementia and sensory loss.