COVID-19 resources

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Carers

House of Commons Library

This briefing paper provides information about the number of carers in the UK and the issues they face, examining the rights, benefits and support available to carers as well as current and previous Government policy on caring. In particular, it brings together key data and policy on carers’ employment, incomes and earnings; benefit and allowances available to them; older carers; parent carers of disabled children; young carers; carers' health and wellbeing; local authority assessments and health and social care support for carers. It includes a brief discussion of past and future Government policy, including the proposed Carers Strategy and the forthcoming social care Green Paper. The briefing also contains some information relating to support for unpaid carers during the Coronavirus outbreak.

Last updated on hub: 25 June 2020

Coronavirus and me

Children's Commissioner for Wales

Sets out initial findings of a consultation on the experiences of children and young people in Wales in relation to the COVID-19 pandemic. The consultation captured information about the lives of over 23,700 children between the ages of 3-18 and run for a two-week period during lockdown. It focuses on children’s mental health and wellbeing, their ability to access to support, their education and learning, and their ability to play. The data shows that more than a third of children worried about Coronavirus, having concerns about how long the situation would last and fears that they or their loved ones might catch it. The majority report that they know where to get help for their mental and wellbeing needs but only 39 per cent feel confident seeking school counselling at the current time.

Last updated on hub: 25 June 2020

Safe working in education, childcare and children’s social care settings, including the use of personal protective equipment (PPE)

Department for Education

This guidance applies to staff working in education, childcare and children’s social care settings in England; children, young people and learners who attend these settings; and their parents or carers. It explains the strategy for infection prevention and control, including the specific circumstances PPE should be used, to enable safe working during the coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak. The guidance also looks at the specific steps that should be taken in children’s homes, including secure children’s homes; in foster care settings; when dealing with young children or children with special educational needs; when providing social care visits to extremely clinically vulnerable children and young people. [Published 14 May 2020. Last updated 14 December 2020]

Last updated on hub: 25 June 2020

Pandemics and violence against women and children

Center for Global Development

Times of economic uncertainty, civil unrest, and disaster are linked to a myriad of risk factors for increased violence against women and children (VAW/C). Pandemics are no exception. In fact, the regional or global nature and associated fear and uncertainty associated with pandemics provide an enabling environment that may exacerbate or spark diverse forms of violence. Understanding mechanisms underlying these dynamics are important for crafting policy and program responses to mitigate adverse effects. Based on existing published and grey literature, we document nine main (direct and indirect) pathways linking pandemics and VAW/C, through effects of (on): (1) economic insecurity and poverty-related stress, (2) quarantines and social isolation, (3) disaster and conflict-related unrest and instability, (4) exposure to exploitative relationships due to changing demographics, (5) reduced health service availability and access to first responders, (6) inability of women to temporarily escape abusive partners, (7) virus-specific sources of violence, (8) exposure to violence and coercion in response efforts, and (9) violence perpetrated against health care workers. We also suggest additional pathways with limited or anecdotal evidence likely to effect smaller subgroups. Based on these mechanisms, we suggest eight policy and program responses for action by governments, civil society, international and community-based organizations. Finally, as research linking pandemics directly to diverse forms of VAW/C is scarce, we lay out a research agenda comprising three main streams, to better (1) understand the magnitude of the problem, (2) elucidate mechanisms and linkages with other social and economic factors and (3) inform intervention and response options. We hope this paper can be used by researchers, practitioners, and policymakers to help inform further evidence generation and policy action while situating VAW/C within the broader need for intersectional gender- and feminist-informed pandemic response.

Last updated on hub: 25 June 2020

Deaths involving COVID-19 in the care sector, England and Wales: deaths occurring up to 1 May 2020 and registered up to 9 May 2020

The Office for National Statistics

Provisional figures on deaths involving the coronavirus (COVID-19) within the care sector, in England and Wales. The report shows that since the beginning of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic (between the period 2 March and 1 May 2020) there were 45,899 deaths of care home residents (wherever the death occurred). COVID-19 was the leading cause of death in male care home residents and the second leading cause of death in female care home residents, after Dementia and Alzheimer disease. Between 10 April 2020 and 8 May 2020 there were 3,161 deaths of recipients of domiciliary care in England – this was 1,990 deaths higher than the three-year average (1,171 deaths).

Last updated on hub: 25 June 2020

Health and care system responses to the Covid-19 pandemic: how real time evaluation can help you improve outcomes for individuals, organisations, partnerships, localities and systems

Cordis Bright

A set of slides outlining approaches to real-time evaluation of the integrated care system and its responses to the pandemic. These approaches can be used to support systems and organisations make evidence-led decisions and support the sustainability of innovation as services collectively move into the recovery phase of the COVID-19 pandemic. The slides outline five system behaviours in response to the pandemic, many of which can manifest simultaneously: Revert, Status Quo, System improvements, Rapid adoption and Innovation and transformation. The benefits and advantages of real time evaluation include: it helps identify how systems have changed; provides an independent, objective perspective; assesses the scale and nature of impact (positive and negative, expected and unexpected); understands what has worked, what hasn’t, and what might in the future; explores how decisions were made under pressure; supports decision-making for ongoing investment decisions and future improvement programmes.

Last updated on hub: 25 June 2020

Flexible responses during the Coronavirus crisis: rapid evidence gathering

Cordis Bright

This report presents findings from a rapid gathering of evidence in relation to the responses to the Covid-19 pandemic by local services and systems supporting people experiencing multiple disadvantage across England. For many people facing multiple disadvantage a series of variations were put in place over this period in the support available to them, including in substance misuse services, criminal justice, homelessness and housing services, mental health services, and support for women. This rapid research sought to understand and document the types of changes, adaptations and flexibilities that have been introduced; how those decisions were reached and who was involved; the impact the changes are having on local services and systems and people facing multiple disadvantage; and what local areas are doing to evidence these changes. The study finds that positive impacts of the changes and flexibilities introduced include: clients adapting and engaging well; safe and sustained accommodation placements for rough sleepers; increased client autonomy; increased trust in individuals and services; increased engagement with substance misuse services; effective self-management of medication; positive mental health outcomes for some people where additional and appropriate support is available. The report also examines the negative impacts that local responses had on users of services, which include: social isolation, anxiety and poor mental health; people experienced ‘knock back’ to progress and improvement in outcomes prior to the crisis; loss of meaningful activity; less positive experiences of emergency accommodation; challenges of engaging in remote support; exclusion of vulnerable people who are not “verified” as rough sleeping.

Last updated on hub: 25 June 2020

Responding to the ‘Shadow Pandemic’: practitioner views on the nature of and responses to violence against women in Victoria, Australia during the COVID-19 restrictions

Monash University

This report presents the findings from a survey to capture the voices and experiences of practitioners responding to women experiencing violence during the COVID-19 shutdown in Victoria, Australia. With more people confined to their homes to reduce the community spread of COVID-19, there is a greater risk of violence against women and children. The analysis of practitioner responses to the survey found that the pandemic has led to: an increase in the frequency and severity of violence against women (VAW); an increase in the complexity of women’s needs; for 42 per cent of respondents, an increase in first-time family violence reporting by women; enhanced tactics to achieve social isolation and forms of violence specifically relating to the threat and risk of COVID-19 infection; for many women experiencing violence during the lockdown period, there was less ability to seek help; service innovations have occurred across Victoria to enhance accessibility and effectiveness of service delivery during the COVID-19 easing of restrictions and recovery phase; numerous challenges to providing support, undertaking effective risk assessment and carrying out safety planning during the COVID-19 shutdown phase. The research also draws attention to the wellbeing considerations for practitioners working remotely to support women experiencing violence during the COVID-19 pandemic, and the need to develop worker supports as restrictions are eased and a period of recovery is entered.

Last updated on hub: 24 June 2020

Providing person-centred support for residents living with dementia who need to be isolated in care homes during the COVID-19 crisis

Association for Dementia Studies, University of Worcester

This information sheet supports care homes catering for people living with dementia during the COVID-19 pandemic. The document covers a range of strategies to help a person living with dementia understand the COVID-19 situation; to create an inviting isolation space; to help occupy the person in an isolation space; to use the environment to encourage isolation; to meet people’s need for human contact; and to encourage a person to comply with infection control requirements. It brings together current best practice, setting out general advice only. Each resident should be assessed on an ongoing and individual basis to find the best response and the latest national sector guidance should be followed.

Last updated on hub: 24 June 2020

COVID-19: In conversation with James Bullion

Social Care Institute for Excellence

Last updated on hub: 24 June 2020